Atorvastatin : uses and side effects

Atorvastatin : Uses, Side Effects And Precautions

(Last Updated On: January 31, 2018)

This Is a In-Depth Article About Atorvastatin, This Article Include What is Atorvastatin, its Uses, Who not use this medicine, Atorvastatin Side Effects, Atorvastatin Dosage, How To reduce Atorvastatin Side Effects, Atorvastatin Precautions.

What is Atorvastatin ?

Atorvastatin belongs to a group of medicines referred to as statins. It’s used to lower cholesterol.

It’s also taken to prevent heart disease, heart failure, and stroke.

Also : Plavix For Heart Attack

The medicine is available by prescription. It comes as tablets, as well as chewable tablets, for people who have difficulty swallowing.

Atorvastatin Uses

Atorvastatin is used to lower the “bad” cholesterol and fats (such as LDL, triglycerides) and increase “good” cholesterol (HDL) in the blood. It belongs to a group of drugs referred to as “statins.” It works by reducing the amount of cholesterol created by the liver.

Lowering “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides and raising “good” cholesterol decreases the chance of heart disease and helps stop strokes and heart attacks.

In addition to eating a correct diet (such as a low-cholesterol/low-fat diet), different lifestyle changes that will help this medication work better include exercising, losing weight if overweight, and stopping smoking. Consult your doctor for more details.

Who Can’t Take Atorvastatin

Do not use this medicine if you are allergic to it or if you have :

 ⇒ liver disease; or

if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

Atorvastatin will hurt an unborn baby or cause birth defects. do not use if you’re pregnant.

Stop taking this medicine and tell your doctor quickly if you become pregnant. Use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while you’re taking this drugs.

Atorvastatin could pass into breast milk and will damage a nursing baby. don’t breastfeed while you’re taking this drugs.

To make certain these drugs are safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:

liver problems;

muscle pain or weakness;

kidney disease;

diabetes;

a thyroid disorder; or

if you drink more than 2 alcoholic beverages daily.

Atorvastatin will cause a disease which results in kidney failure due to the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue.

This condition may be more probably to occur in older adults and in people who have kidney disease or poorly controlled hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid).

Atorvastatin isn’t approved for use by anyone younger than 10 years old.

What are the side effects of Atorvastatin?

Atorvastatin will cause side effects in some people Like all medicines.

One rare but serious side effect is unexplained muscle pain, tenderness or weakness.

Common side effects

These common aspect effects of atorvastatin happen in more than 1 in 100 people.

Keep taking the medicine, but consult with your doctor or pharmacist if these side effects trouble you or don’t go away:

feeling sick
a headache
pain in the back and joints
nosebleeds
a sore throat
cold-like symptoms, like a liquid nose, blocked nose or sneezing
constipation, wind, indigestion or diarrhea

Report any unexplained muscle pain, tenderness or weakness to a doctor immediately.
Serious side effects

Serious side effects when taking atorvastatin are rare and happen in less than one in 1,000 people.

Stop taking atorvastatin and tell a doctor if you get:

muscle pain, tenderness, weakness or cramps – these will be signs of muscle breakdown and kidney damage
yellow skin or eyes – this could be a symptom of liver problems
a skin rash with pink-red blotches, particularly on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet
severe tummy pain – this could be a symptom of pancreas problems
a cough, feeling short of breath, and weight loss – this could be a symptom of lung disease

Serious allergic reaction

In rare cases, it’s possible to have a heavy allergic reaction to atorvastatin.

A serious allergic reaction is an emergency. Contact a doctor straight away if you think you or someone around you is having a heavy allergic reaction.

The warning signs of a serious allergic reaction are:

getting a skin rash which will include itchy, red, swollen, blistered or peeling skin
wheezing
tightness in the chest or throat
having hassle breathing or talking
swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat

How To reduce Atorvastatin Side Effects

What to do about:

feeling sick – stick to simple meals and do not eat rich or spicy food. it might help to take your atorvastatin after a meal or snack.

headaches – make sure you rest and drink lots of fluids. do not drink too much alcohol.

diarrhea – drink plenty of water or other fluids. it may also help to take oral rehydration solutions, that you can purchase from a pharmacy or supermarket to prevent dehydration.

Atorvastatin Precautions

Some medicines affect the way atorvastatin works and may increase the chance of serious side effects.

Medicines which will not combine well with atorvastatin include:

some antibiotics and antifungals
some HIV medicines
some hepatitis c medicines
warfarin (stops blood clotting)
ciclosporin (treats psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis)
colchicine (a medicine for gout)
contraceptive pills
verapamil, diltiazem, amlodipine (for high blood pressure and heart problems)
amiodarone (makes your heart stable)

If you are taking atorvastatin and want to take one of these medicines, your doctor may:

prescribe a lower dose of atorvastatin
prescribe a different statin medicine
suggest that you just stop taking atorvastatin for a while

Mixing atorvastatin with herbal remedies and supplements

St John’s wort, a herbal medicine taken for depression, reduces the amount of atorvastatin in your blood, therefore it does not work as well.

Talk to your doctor if you are thinking about beginning St John’s wort because it can change how well atorvastatin works.

Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, together with herbal remedies, vitamins or supplements.

 

Reference :

Wikipedia

drugs.com

 

 

 

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