oncology : Defination, Types and how to become oncologist

Oncology : Defination, Types, Role Of Oncologist

(Last Updated On: February 9, 2018)

What is Oncology ?

Definition of Oncology :

The branch of medical science that deals with tumors and cancers. The word “onco” means bulk, mass, or tumor whereas “-logy” means study.

Types Of Oncologist

what does oncologist mean :

Oncology is a study of cancer, an oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer. Usually, an oncologist manages a person’s care and treatment once he or she is diagnosed with cancer.

The field of oncology has 3 major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation.

The medical oncologist using chemotherapy or different types medicine, like targeted therapy for treatment of cancer.

The surgical oncologist removes the tumor and nearby unhealthy tissue during an operation. He or she also performs some types of biopsies.

A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy.

Other types of oncologists include the following :

A gynecologic oncologist treats gynecologic cancers, like uterine cancer and cervical cancer.

A pediatric oncologist treats cancer in kids. Some types of cancer occur most frequently in children and teenagers, like certain brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma.

however, This sometimes occur in adults. In This Case, They could get treatment from the pediatric oncologist.

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Hematologist-oncologist treats and diagnoses blood cancers, like – myeloma, and leukemia.

What is Role of Oncologist ?

The oncologist is the doctor who treats and supervises the care of patients from the cancer diagnosis throughout the progression of the malady. The oncologist’s role includes the following :

Explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage to the patient

Discussing all relevant treatment options and the oncologist’s recommendations

Delivering high-quality, compassionate care

helping the patient manage cancer-related pain and other symptoms or treatment side effects

A person with cancer is commonly treated by a team of oncologists who focus on different areas of oncology. This approach is useful because cancer treatment frequently involves a mix of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Other medical professionals can also be involved in a patient’s care:

A pathologist specializes in reading laboratory tests and checking cells, tissues, and organs to diagnose disease

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A diagnostic radiologist specializes in performing and reading imaging tests, like x-rays or ultrasound tests, to diagnose disease

a medicine nurse

an oncology social worker

The team can also include doctors from other areas of medicine. for instance, a dermatologist specializes in skin issues and should help treat skin cancer.

If a person’s cancer diagnosis is complicated, the patient’s oncologist could ask a tumor board to review the case. A tumor board consists of medical examiners from all relevant areas who help to decide the best course of treatment.

Diagnostic Tools Used In Oncology

The most important diagnostic tool remains the medical history of the patient. Common symptoms of cancer at that point include fatigue, weight loss, unexplained anemia, fever of unknown origin etc.

Oncology depends on diagnostic tools like biopsy or removal of bits of the tumor tissue and examining it below the microscope.

Other diagnostic tools are endoscopy for the gastrointestinal tract, imaging studies like X-rays, CT scanning, MRI scanning, ultrasound and other radiological techniques, Scintigraphy, Single-photon emission computed tomography, positron emission tomography and nuclear medicine techniques etc.

The common method is blood tests for biological or tumor markers. The rise of these markers in blood could also be indicative of cancer.

How to Become an Oncologist

if you or a loved one are suffering from cancer, likely, an oncologist or cancer doctor, can play a crucial role in your cancer care. But, you might be questioning, just what is an oncologist? What kind of coaching have they had? Well, below is a list of steps of what it needs to become a cancer doctor or oncologist:

1) Earn Your Bachelor’s Degree  Is the first step you must take on your journey to becoming a cancer doctor or oncologist is getting your Bachelor’s degree.

When selecting classes, confirm to include plenty of science, chemistry, and biology classes because these are the types of classes which will enhance your knowledge of the medical field.

2) Take the Medical College Admissions Test around the time you’re a junior in college, it’ll be needed of you to take the Medical College Admissions test if you would like to go on to medical school after earning your Bachelor’s degree.

This test is grueling however if you’ll pass this test, you’re definitely ready for medical school.

3) Attend medical school and Earn Your MD or DO Degree After passing the Medical College Admissions examination and getting your Bachelor’s degree, your next step towards becoming a cancer doctor or oncologist is finishing four years of medical school.

Medical school can involve 2 years of classroom work followed by 2 years in a hospital or clinic setting where you will be exposed to real-life medical problems.

4) Complete Residency A residency is the professional training in a hospital or clinic that’s required before you’ll become an oncologist.

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The length of residency time needed will depend upon the specialized area of oncology you’re studying and can last anywhere between 2 to 5 years.

5) Earn your correct License and Certification after completing the schooling and residency required to become an oncologist, you will need to obtain your license in the state you work.

For example, if you want to become a Colorado Springs oncologist, you will need to obtain your medical license in Colorado. so as to earn your license, you will need to show proof of schooling and pass the united states Medical Licensing Examination.


Reference :

American Cancer Society

American Society Of Clinical Oncology


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