prediabetes : how to prevent it

What is Prediabetes And How to Prevent It

(Last Updated On: April 5, 2018)

What is Prediabetes ?     

Prediabetes definition

Prediabetes is a warning sign that you are on the path of diabetes

It’s when your blood sugar level is more than normal, however, it’s not high enough to be considered diabetes. This stage Also Known as “grey area”.

Prediabetes is a sign that you may develop type 2 diabetes if you don’t create some lifestyle changes.

But here’s the good news:

There are many ways (mention below) to prevent prediabetes from developing into type 2 diabetes.

Prediabetes symptoms

Generally, Prediabetes does not show any signs and symptoms.

Here is some signs and symptoms that suggest you that prediabetes are converted into type 2 diabetes :

 ♦ High Blood sugar levels

Regularly feeling exhausted

Cuts and grazes take longer to heal

Mood changes

Vision Problem

 ♦ Increase in Weight

Frequent Urination

Digestive System Not Work Properly

Powerful hunger and thirst

Joints Pain

Skin Darkness

For Detailed Information About Prediabetes Symptoms Click Here

Prediabetes Causes

Prediabetes develops when your body is unable to use the hormone insulin.

The function of insulin is to move glucose in your body.

In pre-diabetes, your body either doesn’t build enough insulin or it doesn’t use it well (that’s referred to as insulin resistance).

If your body not using insulin properly or if you’re insulin resistant, you can build up an excessive amount of glucose in your blood, resulting in high blood glucose level and perhaps prediabetes.

Prediabetes Risk Factors

Here is some factors which increase risk of Prediabetes :

Weight : Being overweight could be a primary risk factor for prediabetes. The more fat you have — particularly inside and between the muscle and skin around your abdomen — the more resistant your cells become to insulin.

Waist size : an oversized waist size will indicate insulin resistance. the chance than 40 inches and for women with waists larger than 35 inches.

Dietary patterns : eating red meat and processed meat, and drinking sugar-sweetened beverages, is related to a higher risk of prediabetes. A diet high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains and olive oil is related to a lower risk of prediabetes.

Inactivity : The less active you’re, the greater your risk of prediabetes.
Physical work or exercise will control your weight and help your cells to become more sensitive to insulin.

Also Read : 9 Warning signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes you shouldn’t ignore

Age : though diabetes will develop at any age, the chance of prediabetes will increase after age 45. this could be because people tend to exercise less, lose muscle mass and gain weight as they age.

Family history : Your risk of prediabetes will increase if you have a parent or relative with type 2 diabetes.
Race : although it’s unclear why, people of certain races — including African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders — are more possible to develop prediabetes.

Gestational diabetes : If you have gestational diabetes while pregnant, you and your child are at higher risk of having prediabetes.

If you gave birth to a baby who weighed over nine pounds (4.1 kilograms), you are also at increased risk of prediabetes.

Polycystic ovary syndrome : the condition in which women suffer from irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth and obesity — will increase the risk of prediabetes.

Sleep : people who not sleep for enough time or who work in night shift will become insulin resistant, and also increase the chance of type 2 diabetes.

Prediabetes Complication

Here is some complication caused by prediabetes :

♦ High blood pressure

♦ High cholesterol

♦ Heart disease

♦ Stroke

♦ Kidney disease

♦ Blindness

♦ Amputations

According to medical studies, prediabetes also become the cause of unrecognized heart attacks and kidney damage.

Prediabetes Diagnosis

Your doctor may want to check your blood glucose levels if you’re overweight (have a body mass index—BMI—of over 25) and if you have one or more of the risk factors listed above.

Even if you aren’t overweight and don’t have any of the risk factors, your doctor may want to begin testing your blood sugar level every 3 years starting when you’re 45.

This is the good thing to do because the chance of prediabetes and diabetes will increase with age.

As there are numerous possible complications of diabetes (e.g., heart problems and nerve problems), it’s a good plan to be open-eyed about detecting blood sugar abnormalities early.

To Diagnose you with prediabetes your doctor could run following tests (listed below) :

Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test

This test indicates your average blood glucose level for the past 2 to 3 months.

Specifically, the test measures the proportion of blood glucose connected to the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells (hemoglobin).

The higher your blood glucose levels, the more hemoglobin you’ll need with sugar connected.

In general:

♦ An A1C level below 5.7 % is considered normal
♦ An A1C level between 5.7 and 6.4 % is considered prediabetes
♦ An A1C level of 6.5 % or higher on 2 separate tests indicates type 2 diabetes

Certain conditions will make the A1C test inaccurate — like if you’re pregnant or have an uncommon type of hemoglobin (hemoglobin variant).

Fasting blood sugar test

A blood sample is taken after you fast for a minimum of eight hours or overnight.

In general:

♦ A fasting blood glucose level below 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) — 5.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) — is considered normal.
♦ A fasting blood glucose level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 7.0 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. This result’s sometimes known as impaired fasting glucose.
♦ A fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher indicates type 2 diabetes.

Oral glucose tolerance test

This test is generally used for pregnant women.

A blood sample is taken after you fast for a minimum of eight hours or overnight.

Then you will drink a sugary solution, and your blood glucose level is measured again after 2 hours.

In general:

♦ A blood glucose level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is considered normal.
♦ A blood glucose level from 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 to 11.0 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. this is generally stated as impaired glucose tolerance.
♦ A blood glucose level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher indicates type 2 diabetes.

If you have prediabetes, further testing is also required. at least once a year, your doctor can probably check your:

♦ Fasting blood glucose
♦ Hemoglobin A1C
♦ Total cholesterol, HDL, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides

Testing may occur more frequently if you have additional risk factors for diabetes.

Prediabetes Treatment

The American Diabetes Association Suggest that if you are diagnosed with prediabetes, the lifestyle change will help to treat prediabetes and prevent type 2 diabetes.

Your doctor can walk you through what you need to change, however, typical recommendations are:

Eat well : A Dietician will help you by changing your previous meal plan with health, diabetic friendly meal plan.

The goal of the meal plan is to regulate your blood sugar level and keep it in the healthy, normal range. Your meal plan is created only for you, taking into consideration your overall health, physical activity, and what you wish to eat.

Also Read : 55 Super Foods For Diabetic Patients

Exercise : when you exercise, your body uses more glucose, therefore exercising will lower your blood sugar level. also when you exercise, your body doesn’t need as much insulin to move the glucose; your body becomes less insulin resistant.

Since your body isn’t using insulin well when you have prediabetes, a lower insulin resistance could be a very good factor.

And of course, there are all the normal advantages of exercise: it will help you lose weight, keep your heart healthy, make you sleep better, and even improve your mood.

The American Diabetes Association recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate activity every week—that’s 30 minutes 5 days a week. you’ll get that through activities like walking, bike riding, or swimming.

Lose weight : If you’re overweight, you must start on a weight loss program as soon as you’re diagnosed with prediabetes.

Losing just 5 to 100% of your weight will significantly reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The combination of eating well and exercising more could be a good way to lose weight—and then maintain your new, healthy weight.

Metformin : For people who are at a really high risk of developing type 2 diabetes after being diagnosed with prediabetes, the doctor could suggest a medicine.

The American Diabetes Association says that metformin should be the only medication used to stop type 2.

It works by keeping the liver from creating more glucose when you don’t want it, thereby keeping your blood sugar level in a better range.

Stop Smoking : Smoking will not only cause diabetes but also become cause of many disease like heart, cancer, and liver. 

Therefore, Say goodbye to smoking is very beneficial for you.

 

Reference :

Wikipedia

American Diabetes Association

 

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